If you start hunting for treatments online, you may encounter several products that boast to prevent hair loss or that might help you regrow your hair. Unfortunately, everything that you stumble upon over the internet is not always true. From hair tonics and hair care products to natural therapies for hair fall, you might fall prey to numerous hair care products.
But today, with some great evolutions in the field of biology, several effective treatments to cure hair loss problems have been developed. Such hair restoration treatments are indeed a boon for hair loss sufferers.
Here’s something you must give a glance to know about various medications and surgeries that promote hair growth and slow down hair loss processs.
According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), there are two drugs that are legally accepted to treat male pattern baldness:
Minoxidil (Rogaine): Rogaine is a nonprescription medication which can be used by both men and women. It is available in two forms—liquid and foam. It has to be applied on the scalp twice a day to regrow hair and stop hair loss. It might shed some hair at the beginning, but you need to apply it regularly for a minimum period of six months to see visible results. For best results, it is advised to continue applying the medicine to retain its effect.
However, when you are under this medication you may come across a few side effects like irritation on the scalp, unwanted hair growth on the adjacent skin of the face and hands, and increased heart rate (tachycardia).
Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar): It is a prescription drug for men (not above 60 years). You need to take it every day as a pill. For best results, you should keep taking the pill even after you see the results.
A few side effects are rarely seen in people under the medication of this drug. Some of these include reduced sex drive & sexual function and a higher risk of prostate cancer.
For both of these medications, it may take up to a year to see results, and you must keep taking them to uphold the results.
- Hair transplant surgery
The two most widely used hair transplant techniques are follicular unit extraction and follicular unit transplantation:
Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
In this surgery, hair follicles are extracted directly from the scalp and are relocated to the bald patches of the scalp. This surgery is expensive and may be painful. Also, this procedure does involve certain threats such as scarring and infections.
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT)
In this surgery, a patch of skin from back of the scalp that usually has abundant hair is removed and then the follicles from that part of the skin are pulled out. These follicles are then relocated to the bald patches of the scalp.
This treatment is quite expensive and can be painful. Some of the risks included in this surgery are bleeding and scarring.
- Laser therapy
Laser therapy is believed to diminish the irritation in follicles that averts the regrowth of hair.
The Food and Drug Administration has permitted a low-level laser device as a treatment for genetic hair loss in both men and women. As per some minor researches, these treatments enhance the density of hair.
- Change your lifestyle
Medical treatments alone are not enough to prevent hair fall and regrow your hair. Here are a few things you should adopt to help prevent hair loss:
- Give away smoking: Smoking may lead to hair loss and also give you facial wrinkles and cause premature greying of hair.
- Massage your scalp: A good gentle massage to your scalp not only reduces stress but also reduces hair loss. When you massage your scalp every day for at least 5 mins, it stimulates the hair follicles and promotes hair growth.
- Healthy diet: A balanced diet including a variety of fruits, vegetables, unsaturated fats, whole grains, and lean proteins that are loaded with certain vitamins and minerals are known to boost the growth of healthy and thick hair.
Stay stress-free: People having stress easily fall prey to hair fall. To reduce stress, try inculcating some exercises and meditation in your daily routine. Listening to music is also one of the best ways to get rid of stress. Similarly, a good night’s sleep also does wonders when it comes to live a healthy and stress-free life.